Independence Day

Independence Day is celebrated in the United States every year on July 4. It is to remember July 4, 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was signed by members of the Continental Congress. The person responsible for the writing was Thomas Jefferson, helped by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston. The most famous words remembered are these:

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. The original Declaration is now in the National Archives Exhibition Hall, Washington, D.C., in a special case to preserve it. The Declaration was sent to King George III of England. The colonists were angry because the King would not talk to them about their problems. The document explaUSCIS all the reasons that the colonies have decided to become independent states and no longer be loyal to the King of England. One of the biggest problems the colonists had was that they did not want to be taxed when they could not serve in the parliament in England. They called this "taxation without representation". When it was decided to fight the Revolutionary War against England (also called Great Britain), George Washington was chosen to be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy. After the war was won, he became the first President of the new United States of America. Now, every year, Americans celebrate Independence Day with parties. It is traditional for family and friends to get together for picnics, barbecues, drinks and fireworks. They eat hot dogs, hamburgers, watermelon, fried chicken, potato salad and many families have their own traditions to follow each year. Traditional colors for the parties are the red, white and blue from our flag.

True and False Questions

1. Barbecues are traditional on July 4th.


2. The colonists wrote a letter to the King of France.


3. July 4 is the date the Declaration of Independence was written.


4. "Taxation without representation" was the problem.


5. The Declaration said all men were created equal.


6. Thomas Jefferson was Commander in Chief of the army..


7. George Washington helped write the Declaration.


8. On July 4th, people wear red, white and blue..


9. The government in England was called Congress.


10. We are all entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.